What are the types of diabetes?
There are two types of diabetes:
Type 1: this used to be called insulin dependent or juvenile diabetes. However, this was confusing as many adult people with type 2 diabetes need insulin to manage their diabetes. Type 1 diabetes need in most cases in children, teenagers and young adults. The cause is that the pancreas in the body is not capable of producing any insulin or may produce very small quantities, which is not enough. In this case, a patient has to use injectable insulin to maintain normal sugar levels in the body.
Type 2: this used to be called non-insulin dependent diabetes or mature-onset diabetes. It is more common and affects older patients (patients with 40 years and older). However, nowadays more and young people, even children are getting this type of diabetes. It is related to obesity and it may be genetic. In this type, the pancreas secretes insulin but because the body is resistant to its action. This means that the insulin is not working as well as it should and the pancreas makes more. Eventually it cannot make enough to keep the glucose balance right. Accordingly, the patient needs to take oral drugs as prescribed be the physician to help the pancreas to secrete more insulin. In the end even this might not be enough and the patient has to take insulin injections. Losing weight and following a healthy lifestyle may delay the need for
Symptoms of diabetes?
Common symptoms include:
- Feeling thirstier than usual and passing more urine.
- Unexpected weight loss (type 1)
- Gradually putting on weight (type 2)
- Feeling hungry although eating habits are increased.
- Mood swings
- Feeling tired and lethargic.
- Itching skin infections, urinary tract infections.
- Having cuts or wounds that heal slowly.
- Feeling dizzy
- Blurred vision.
What are the diabetes treatments?
There are two types of treatment to decrease blood sugar levels:
- Tablets: they are given orally.
- Insulin: it is given by injection.
Diabetes is a chronic disease which cannot be treated but can be controlled and its complications can be prevented. The following factors are very important to achieve treatment goals:
- Firstly: continuous health education.
- Secondly: good diet.
- Thirdly: exercises and active movement.
- Fourthly: diabetes medications.
- Fifthly: self-control and regular checkups.
What food should diabetes patients have?
Food advice for diabetic patients:
- Have a variety of food daily including carbohydrate containing foods like fruit, vegetables and starches. Consult with you doctor or dietitian about the quantities of protein rich foods like meat, milk and other dairy products you are allowed to have.
- Make sure to have your meals and snacks at regular timings with the same quantities.
- Do not omit a meal to avoid disturbing the balance between insulin and blood sugar level.
- Limit fats from animal sources in your meals because increasing this kind of fat in your food will increase the chance of having high blood cholesterol and heart disease.
- You do not have to eat the same kinds of food every meal every day. A dietitian can help you in deciding your daily requirement from different food types. She/he will explain to you a list of suitable food alternatives to suit your lifestyle and preferences.
Want healthy blood sugar level? Eat these
A healthy diet is the most effective route to stable blood sugar levels. To keep blood sugar levels stable, regular exercise is helpful – but a healthy diet is a must. Add these foods to your diet, as they may help lower blood sugar levels.
- Green, leafy vegetables. Broccoli, spinach, and kale are good sources of fiber – which helps regulate blood sugar levels – and are high in vitamins A, C, and K. Plus, some studies have shown that eating vegetables can help prevent diabetes, so aim for four to five servings per day.
- Beans and legumes. Beans of almost any variety, as well as lentils, are rich in folic acid, magnesium, potassium and soluble fiber – and are low-glycemic-load foods. Make sure you get one to two servings per day.
- Cabbage. A very low-glycemic index food (near zero!), cabbage is high in fiber, low in calories, inexpensive and versatile. It’s especially useful for stabilizing blood-sugar levels because it converts to sugar very slowly in the body. Try eating more slaw, sauerkraut or kimchi.
- Okra. This southern staple is high in soluble fiber – which slows down the digestion of carbohydrates and can help stabilize blood sugar – and is also a low glycemic-index food. Try adding it to your next pot of soup.
- Onions. This kitchen staple is more than a tasty addition to many dishes – onions offer blood-sugar lowering effects.
What are the recommendations for diabetic patient?
General recommendations for the diabetic patient:
- Do not stop medications without consulting the physician.
- Take your medications on time, have regular meals and regular checkups.
- Carry a card that identifies that you are a diabetic patient and what your medications are.
- Always carry a small snack or sweets with you.
- Do suitable exercise especially walking and jogging.
- Depend on yourself in measuring your blood sugar level by using home test.
- Maintain your body and feet cleanliness.
- Stop smoking if you are smoker.
- Visit your doctor and diabetic consultant regularly.
- Make sure to have your eyes tested and teeth checked annually by an ophthalmologist and dentist.
How does smoking affect my health?
Here are some ways that smoking might affect your health:
- You may have more frequent coughs, colds and minor illnesses than if you did not smoke.
- Smoking decreases your chances of getting pregnant.
- Smoking and using oral contraceptives (birth control pills) greatly increases your risk of strokes, heart attacks and vascular complications.
- Smoking while pregnant increases your chances of having a miscarriage, premature labour or a low birth-weight baby.
- Smoking while you are pregnant or a new mother increases the chances of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
- Smoking decreases bone density and increases your chances of breaking a bone.
- You may reach menopause earlier than you would have if you did not smoke.
- You are more likely to suffer from strokes and heart attacks.
- You are more likely to have lung cancer and a variety other cancers than if you did not smoke. Smoking causes at least 85% of lung cancers. Smoking is also strongly linked to cervical cancer and breast cancer. In addition, it is linked to cancer of the bladder, kidney, pancreas, mouth, esophagus, larynx and colon.
Want to add years to your life?
A long, healthful life is a goal for many. And one thing can have a big impact on whether that goal is achieved – find out what it is!
Want to add years to your life? Make regular, moderate exercise part of your healthy lifestyle routine. Physical activity is good for the body, mind and spirit; helps maintain and improve the health of your heart; reduces the risk of diseases such as diabetes and Alzheimer’s; promotes energy, quality rest and a healthy weight; helps manage unhealthy stress; and may alleviate mild to moderate depression. So why isn’t everyone exercising?
People can always find excuses not to exercise, but really – there is no good reason. To reap all these benefits, all most people need is 30 minutes of moderate aerobic activity at least four days a week, including at least two days of strength training, and a stretching routine. It’s simple to begin: rent fitness DVDs, download a workout app as a guide, join a gym, make an appointment with a personal trainer or simply get some friends together for daily walks.
Want better rest? Try these tips
Rest is as important as physical activity for general health. Identify periods during the day when you can be without stimulation, doing nothing, and make time for them. Consider the following when planning rest into your schedule:
- Try to get into the habit of napping 10 to 20 minutes in the afternoon, preferably lying down in a darkened room.
- Spend some time outdoors as often as you can to get exposure to bright, natural light. If you are concerned about harmful effects of solar radiation, do it before 10 a.m. or after 3 p.m. or use sunscreen.
- Try to give yourself about an hour in dim light before you go to sleep at night. Lower the lighting in your house and bedroom. This includes exposure to computer, phone and tablet screens. If other members of the household object, wear sunglasses.
- Pay attention to sleep hygiene. All the details of lifestyle, including intake of caffeine, quality and comfort of your mattress, and bedroom design affect the quality of sleep. When you are ready to go to sleep, try to keep your bedroom completely dark.
Want happens if you take too many supplements?
Taking too many vitamins can have a detrimental effect on your health – but not getting enough can have downsides as well. Learn more about what Dr. Weil says when it comes to getting the right amounts of vitamins, minerals and other supplements.
People often ask if they should be worried about getting too much of a particular vitamin. While supplements can help supply nutrients that may be deficient or missing in the diet, dosage can be the difference between benefit and harm. It is especially important to always read labels carefully and discuss your supplement regime with your physician, particularly when combining different multivitamins, multiminerals and fortified foods with similar ingredients, which can lead to a higher intake than is recommended.
To avoid any potential for toxicity or overdose, you may want to choose a supplement routine that is designed for you by a nutrition specialist and that takes overall dosages into account.